Social Studies Research and Practice

Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2006



Differences in Gender and Civic Education in Ukraine

Alden Craddock
Bowling Green State University


Evaluating the effectiveness of an internationally-developed civic education curriculum, this study randomly sampled 1,015 students to assess student learning about democracy in Ukraine. Statistically significant differences were found between male and female Ukrainian students who participated in the course. While this analysis discerns that boys seem to benefit more from the curriculum than girls, it also finds these differences to be minor. More importantly, the study verifies that while both boys and girls improve their knowledge of democratic content, they show no statistically significant difference in their improvement. Thus, the curriculum seems to have a positive effect on democratic attitudes among all of the students and, in particular, those of the male student population.

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About the Author(s)…

Alden W. Craddock, Ph.D. joined the faculty of Bowling Green State University in January of 2003 as an assistant professor in social studies education in the College of Education and Human Development. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from The Ohio State University where he served in a variety of capacities. Beginning in 1995, Craddock worked on the Mershon Center Civic Education Program and served as its director from 1999 to 2002. He currently serves as director of the School of Teaching and Learning’s International Democratic Education Institute at Bowling Green State University. He has been Principal Investigator for nearly $2 million in external funding and assisted with an additional $1.5 million in civic education programs. He routinely is invited to national and international meetings and conferences as an expert in the field. Contact information:, Bowling Green State University.